Areas you should not install a security camera
- Places that violate your neighbor’s privacy – Specific laws regarding cameras and privacy vary from state to state, so it’s wise to check local laws (and with the local homeowners association) to make sure you won’t have to undo your installation. In general, homeowners are allowed to have outdoor security cameras that cover a broad area, and it’s usually OK to capture your neighbor’s public-facing property in the background of your footage. Legally, problems arise if your camera captures areas where your neighbors have an expectation of privacy (for example, if your cameras can see into their bedrooms or bathrooms) or if you use the footage for non-security purposes. Keep in mind that these rules apply to video surveillance only. Audio recording without knowledge and consent is illegal in most circumstances.
- Bedrooms and bathrooms – The urge to keep a watchful eye on kids or elderly folks in your household is understandable. However, some areas have a warranted expectation of privacy. Luckily, there are plenty of alternatives. Baby monitors are smart choices for very young kids’ rooms. Motion detects and glass break sesnors, as part of a connected home security system, can be added to doors and windows. Personal medical alert systems are strong choices for seniors.
Optimize camera placement for function and visibility
Once you decide which locations to monitor, you also need to strategize how you will place and install the security cameras to cover the intended areas.
Guidelines for outdoor security camera placement
- Install cameras 8-10 feet from the ground. This height is low enough to capture fine details but high enough to be out of easy reach of thieves and vandals.
- Don’t point cameras directly at the sun. Bright light causes glare and high contrast in your footage, which makes it hard to tell what’s going on. Consider the movement of the sun and angle your cameras for indirect light.
- Decide whether you want the camera to be visible or hidden. Visible security cameras are effective burglary deterrents, but they are also targets for theft and vandalism. Some homeowners choose to prominently install a fake decoy camera and back it up with a real one that’s slightly more concealed, while others add heavy-duty hardware or casing around the camera to make it more difficult to damage.
- Protect the camera from the elements. Top outdoor security cameras have ample weather- and waterproofing, but they are not all created equal. Choose a camera that’s appropriately rated for your climate, and place it under eaves or in another semi-protected area if you can.
Guidelines for indoor security placement
- Corners are your friends. Hanging an indoor camera in the corner of a room usually gives you the largest possible vantage point.
- Windows can cause reflection issues. Pointing a camera out the window might degrade its image quality. Many security cameras have infrared (IR) light technology, which aids in motion detection and enables the cameras to function in low light. IR light can reflect off of windows and other glass objects and obscure your footage, especially in the dark. If your footage looks washed out or whited out, there is likely a reflection problem going on.
- If it’s necessary to point a camera out the window, positioning the lens as close as possible to the glass and/or backlighting the outdoor area (perhaps with motion detector lights) are two glare-minimizing measures to try. It can also be helpful if your camera has wide dynamic range (WDR) technology.
- Angle for indirect light. Again, direct light will wash out your footage. With indoor cameras, be mindful of lamps, light fixtures and bright windows. Avoid facing your camera directly toward any of these light sources.
Security camera installation tips
Follow these installation rules of thumb to potentially save yourself a headache.
- Test your equipment before committing to the full install. Operate the camera and make sure it functions as expected. If possible, perform a dry run in the camera’s intended area (mount it with tape, a single nail or another temporary fix) so you can monitor and evaluate the feed. Can you see everything you want to see? Is the Wi-Fi signal strong enough? Is there glare or an obstacle blocking the field of view?
- Don’t install your camera using hardware or tools that may damage its components. It’s tempting to jerry-rig a camera setting to achieve the perfect position. Don’t take measures that could damage or strain the casing, electrical components or lens.
- Remember you will need to occasionally clean or maintain the camera. Outdoor cameras are especially prone to dirt or pollen accumulation on the lens. Don’t install it in a way that makes it impossible to maintain.
Should your security cameras be professionally installed?
Deciding whether or not to install your own surveillance cameras depends on the type of cameras and your personal comfort level. If the information in this article or the manufacturers’ instructions make your head spin, there’s no need to tackle it alone. Security cameras that you’ll be monitoring yourself (as opposed to professionally monitored security systems) usually have the simplest installation. Many of these cameras communicate via Wi-Fi and only need hard wiring to their power source. Smaller cameras like video doorbells and peephole cameras frequently use batteries, which is even more user-friendly. Outdoor security cameras can present more of a challenge, especially if the home’s exterior has limited power sources, if you don’t have many tools or if you are concerned about affecting your home’s appearance. In these cases, you may want to hire a professional with experience on prior camera installs.
Finally, there are some circumstances where you can’t install your own cameras. Many leading providers of monitored home security systems (such as ADT and Vivint) require professional installation to make sure everything is in working order. In these cases, a trained technician visits your house to relieve you of this responsibility altogether. If you’re dedicated to doing it yourself and you want a professionally monitored security system, you do have plenty of DIY options: SimpliSafe, Frontpoint and Protect America are all strong choices.
To learn more, check out our picks for the best outdoor security cameras or explore our comprehensive comparison guide on the leading home security systems.