Here Comes the Sun: UV Awareness & Sun Safety

Jalesa Campbell
Updated May 14, 2021
1 min read
While soaking up the sun definitely provides benefits for the body, too much sun can be harmful. This post highlights several ways you can protect your skin from harmful UV sun rays.

Earlier this year, my doctor brought up sun safety and wearing sunscreen during an appointment. I’ll admit that my first thought before heading outdoors isn’t to put on sunscreen, but since our conversation, it’s been more top-of-mind for me, especially as the days heat up and I spend a little more time outdoors.

Here Comes the Sun

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is predicting 2020 “to be one of the warmest on record.”The heat is real, and protecting yourself while outdoors is essential. While the sun provides us with many benefits, such as Vitamin D (which many people worldwide are lacking), the sun can also be harmful to us through its ultraviolet (UV) rays.

What Are UV Rays?

UV rays or ultraviolet radiation is basically a form of energy that comes from the sun and manufactured equipment like tanning beds and UV lamps (The American Cancer Society). There are different types of UV rays:

  • UVA rays
  • UVB rays
  • UVC rays

The American Cancer Society provides an easy-to-understand breakdown of each UV ray type. UVA rays are known to play a role in skin damage, such as causing wrinkles. UVB rays are known to cause sunburns, directly damaging the skin. UVC rays are generally held back from reaching us due to our atmosphere, making them less of a threat to us directly. You can, however, find UVC rays used in lamps made to disinfect areas.

How Do UV Rays Affect the Skin?

While some sunlight is good for us, too much sunlight can be damaging to our skin. One way to imagine how UV rays can negatively affect our skin is to think about a pizza. If you leave the pizza in the oven for too long, the cheese will puff up and darken. Similarly, if we’re exposed to too much sunlight, we open ourselves up to sunburn, blistering, and the potential to develop skin cancer. That’s why it’s important to take additional measures to protect our skin while outdoors.

5 Ways to Protect Your Skin While Out in the Sun

Our skin is the largest organ of our bodies, and there are a number of things we can do to protect it.

1. Before You Go Out, Put on Sunscreen

This advice may sound like an overplayed record, but sunscreen acts as a line of defenseagainst UV rays. Look for a sunscreen brand that offers broad spectrum protection from both UVA and UVB rays, like Banana Boat Ultra Sport SPF 100 and Banana Boat Kids SPF 50.

2. Grab a Hat, Jack

One thing I remember my grandmother saying when we prepared to go outdoors for yard work was to get a hat. Whether it’s a baseball cap or a wide-brimmed hat it can provide shade and help you stay a little cooler while out in the sun.

3. Avoid Going Outdoors in the Middle of Day

The American Cancer Society writes that the sun’s “UV rays are strongest in the middle of the day, between 10 am and 4 pm.” If it’s at all possible, avoid going outdoors to tackle yard-work or any other activities during these hours to prevent skin damage and dehydration.

4. Put on Protective Gear

Long-sleeved shirts and pants are suitable especially if you’re going to be outside for a stretch of time. You can also now find clothes that are designed with special materials for moisture-wicking and UV protection.

Get Some Shade

Periodically get some shade under a tree, umbrella, or go back indoors. You’ll give your skin and body a break.

Final Thoughts

At a high UV index, it only takes between 15 and 25 minutes for skin damage to occur. If you’re unsure of the UV index for the day, you can always check with your local weather station. And remember, if you’re planning to be outdoors for longer periods of time, try to avoid peak hours and periodically get some shade.

For more helpful information on sun safety, check out these resources:

Safety and Security Reporter

Jalesa Campbell

Jalesa is one of's staff experts on home security, natural disasters, public safety, and family safety. She's been featured on and elsewhere.

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