There are lots of things you can do to keep your family safe from fire Hey, kids, did you know? You can help keep your parents and siblings, if you have them, safe from fire.
Fire safety works in two ways: First, it helps your family avoid a fire in the first place. That’s the prevention part. But if there is a fire, you need to know what to do. So fire safety also includes emergency steps to take in case of a house fire.
Fire Prevention Tips
The best fire safety is preventing one in the first place. Here are things you can do to keep your family safe.
1. Smoke Detectors
Your home should have at least one smoke detector per floor, and also in the kitchen and every bedroom. You can help by reminding your parents to check your smoke alarms every, single month and asking them to change the batteries when you set your clocks back/forward for Daylight Saving’s time. If you have a younger brother or sister, teach him or her that the loud alarm means danger.
2. Fire Extinguishers
Like smoke detectors, every home needs fire extinguishers. Tell your parents to put them in the kitchen and on every level of your house. If you’re old enough and strong enough, you should know where your extinguishers are located and how to use them.
3. Practice Fire Safety
There are lots of things you can do everyday to prevent a house fire:
- Kitchen safety: If you like to cook, make sure to always roll up your sleeves (or wear short sleeves) in the kitchen. Also, always cover pots and pans with a lid that fits.
- Heat test: If you ever notice that an electrical outlet, cord, or light is getting too hot, tell your parents immediately.
- No Candles: Candles smell good and look like fun, but they’re easy to knock over and start a fire. If you’d really like a candle, ask your parents to get you a flameless version that works with a battery or electric power.
- Keep your door closed: Before bed every night, shut your door. If there is a fire, your door works as extra protection until the smoke alarm wakes you up.
4. Never Play with Fire
Never play with matches, candles, lighters, or anything else that makes or uses fire. It may look cool, but fire is very dangerous because it grows very quickly.
5. Have an Emergency Plan
Encourage your parents to run fire drills at least twice a year, including once at night. Every person in your family will need to practice the shortest, safest route out of your home. You should also have a secondary backup plan, for in case your primary escape route is impossible. If you are not on the first floor, you should practice climbing down the fire escape ladder. You emergency plan should include an meeting place outside.
6. Emergency Numbers
911 is the most important emergency number – it’ll get you in contact with the fire department, an ambulance, or the police.
In the Event of Fire
If you wake up to the smell of smoke or the sound of a smoke alarm, try not to panic. Fire is scary and it is okay to be afraid, but panic can make you forget what to do.
1. Touch Test
Before you leave your bedroom, touch your hand to the door. If it is hot, use an alternative escape route.
2. Don’t Hide, Go Outside
If you get scared, you might want to hide or wait for your parents. Don’t. As soon as you know there is a fire, follow your emergency exit plan and get outside. Don’t ever go back in for a toy, a pet, or anything else.
3. Fall & Crawl
Smoke and heat rise up, so if it’s too hot or hard to breath, fall to your stomach and crawl out of your home. Practice this move during your fire drills.
4. Stop, Drop & Roll
If your clothes catch fire, stop where you are, drop to the ground, and roll around until the fire goes out. Though you may want to run, running will only make the fire worse. Practice stopping, dropping, and rolling during your fire drills.
5. Meeting Place
Remember to go to your meeting place outside. If someone is missing, tell the firefighters. They have special clothing that will protect them from fire.